Tanzania is known as the safari heart of the African Continent and Serengeti national park is known as the safari heart of Tanzania.
The national park is one of the iconic parks in the northern circuit of Tanzania. The national park is lying in the Serengeti ecosystem in the Mara and Simiyu regions.
The national park is world-famous due to its untamed game view and the great migration that occurs every year.
Once it was used to be the livestock for Masai people. The national park even got its name from the Swahili word “Seringit” which means the land that rolls forever. Due to the large never-ending savannah plains, the national park named this.
The national park rolls on 14,750 km2 of land and officially established in 1951. The national park offers a great game view and has the largest animal concentration per square k.m. The park boasts the highest concentration of wildlife on the African continent and one of the best places to see “The Big Five” - elephant, rhino, lion, leopard, and buffalo.
Once upon a time the region was inhabited by Masai people, one of the oldest tribal communities of the continent. The open lands of the area were great for their domestic animals to graze. The tribes are dependent on cattle for their daily live survival. Hence, the open grass ground of Serengeti was heaven for their cattle.
The area was discovered by Austrian Oscar Baumann who was a European explorer. He discovered it in 1892. The area was reserved as a game reserve after 1929 and in 1951 it was finally designated as a national park.
However, the national park got its fame first after getting featured in a book and a film. Both were done by a father-son duo in the 1950s named Serengeti shall not die.
After the area was declared as a national park the Maasai were evacuated from the region which was known as Maasai land also.
Due to its biodiversity, high concentration of game and natural wonders the national park is reserved by UNESCO world heritage site.
The national park is home to the largest lion population of the country nearly about 3,000 lions can be spotted. You can spot the Big Five and some of the endangered species like black rhinos.
Explore more than 500 bird species too in the wilderness of Serengeti.
It is the migration for which Serengeti is perhaps most famous. Over a million wildebeest and about 200,000 zebras flow south from the northern hills to the southern plains for the short rains every October and November, and then swirl west and north after the long rains in April, May and June. So strong is the ancient instinct to move that no drought, gorge or crocodile infested river can hold them back.
(Seronera Valley), is what the Maasai called the “serengit”, the land of endless plains. Its classic savannah, dotted with acacias and filled with wildlife. The western corridor is marked by the Grumeti River, and has more forests and dense bush. The north, Lobo area, meets up with Kenya’s Masai Mara Reserve, is the least visited section.The Serengeti ecosystem is one of the oldest on earth.
All Year around, the dry season (from late June - September) offers the best wildlife viewing in general with the wildebeest migration as its absolute highlight. The timing of the migration varies every year (the best chance of seeing it is during June and July) while the wildebeest calving is from late January to March.
June - September
June - July
January - March
Driving Distance from Arusha town: 348 km, Duration: 6 hours 26 mins, Route: B144
By flight is about one hour and fifteen minutes (1:15).
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